The Literary Theory Known as Post-Colonialism

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The literary theory known as Post-Colonialism is easily defined in content but not in its beginning or end. Ashcroft, Griffins, and Tiffin state that the term “covers all the culture affected by the imperial process from the moment of colonization to the present day” (2). They focus on the territories colonized by Britain in Empire Writes Back but state that the analysis can apply to the former empires of France, Spain, and Portugal. This view falls in line with the issue brought up by Childs and Williams about after whose empire or whose colonization does it begin? The United States in the 1700s, the Latin American states in the 1800s, or the mid-1900s fall of the British and French empires (1)? What is agreed upon is that the focus is on writing about the effects or culture in post-colonial societies or examining colonial literature with an eye for the moral superiority, racial discrimination, or Eurocentric viewpoint. Writers such as Rushdie, Said, and Achebe all belong to this movement with their discussions of the life and culture of the Indian Subcontinent, Eastern culture, and Nigeria respectively. Said, one of the eminent post-colonial critics, writes in Orientalism that the concept of the Orient and Oriental culture are Western colonial constructs. Orient describes everything cultural or social in Asia lumping the Arab culture of the Middle East, the Buddhist culture of Southeast Asia, and the ancient cultures of China and Japan as parts of a single entity. Said
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