The Long Effects Of A Hate Crime Essay

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Abstract
This paper will explore the long-term effects a hate crime has on the victim and his or her community. The victims and communities are directly and indirectly affected by the crime. Victims suffered long term effects such as negative mental and physical health, anxiety, depression, and symptoms of PTSD. The affected communities were victimized solely for sharing the same characteristics and beliefs of the victim. The long lasting effects of the hate crime influence every aspect of the victim’s life and those communities involved. Coping mechanisms such as support groups helped the victim and the communities regain some normality in their lives. Keywords: hate crimes, long-term effects, victims, communities

The Effect a Hate Crime Has on the Victim and their Community
Throughout American history, violent criminal acts against a specific person or a group of individuals were just that, violent crimes. In the 1980’s, the term hate crime was born. The National Institute for Justice states the term “hate crime” was used by a group of advocates to describe a series of violent incidents targeting several minorities. A hate crime is “a criminal offense committed against a person, property, or society that is motivated, in whole or in part, by the offender 's bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity/national origin” (Nij.gov, 2010). In the United States, hate crimes are being reported on the daily basis. According to

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