The Long Term Psychological Effects Associated with Sexual Assault

959 WordsFeb 26, 20184 Pages
The long term psychological effects associated with sexual assault includes, depression, substance use, anxiety, PTSD, and decreased self esteem (Foa & Riggs, 1993; Resick, 1993). The authors of this article supports current literature which proposes that African American children receives inadequate or inappropriate sexuality socialization and sexual abuse prevention in their cultures and families which may affect their disclosure of sexual assault in adulthood (Washington, 2001;Wyatt, 1992). Comaz-Diaz (1995), suggests that value that is placed on girl’s virginity, the shame of the victim, and cultural silence against discussing sexual matters are family values that are invoked to prevent disclosure on sexual assault. Incomplete or inappropriate sexuality socialization in childhood may affect one’s ability to identify abuse and as a consequence delay or hinder the disclosure of sexual abuse in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. African American women are reluctant to disclose their sexual abuse publicly or privately (Ullman & Filipas, 2001). The authors hypothesize that stigmas and stereotypes serves as barriers to disclosing sexual abuse among African Americans. Specifically, the internalizations of these symptoms and stereotypes may lead women to the misconception, that their experiences as sexual assault and the knowledge that others, uphold these stereotypes and stigmas which can cause doubt and mistrust that systems will not recognize them as legitimate victims
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