The Longxing Monastery is situated in modern Hebei province in the north of China. Previously named the Longcang Temple in old-Chinese, the original building sight was first laid in 586 AD., and remains one of the most well-preserved large-scale ancient Buddhist temples in China. Throughout its long history, The Longxing Monastery has been a location of pilgrimage for a number of Chinese Emperors who famously left offerings to the Buddha statues. Today, the temple houses a number of important historical relics such as the Longcang si stele, which dates to the monastery’s foundation and frescos of the bodhisattva Guanyin, and the later constructed Moni Hall which acts as the centrepiece in the entirety of the Longxing Monastery, with an emphasis on light and knowledge. The Moni Hall in particular, represents Manichaeism, an independent gnostic religion that rose to prominence in the period of the Tang Dynasty 618–907 AD. Stemming from the Chinese Móníjiào (摩尼教) meaning “bright religion,” Chinese Manichaeism is a form of Manichaeism practiced exclusively in China.
The Moni Hall has associations with both Buddhism and Chinese Manichaesm which was first introduced into China in the Tang dynasty, through the nomadic Central Asian communities. As Móníjiào, it never rose to prominence, and was officially banned and persecuted through the suppression of non-Chinese religions including Buddhism, under the Huiching Persecution initiated by the Emperor Wuzong of Tang. Chinese