The Lord of the Flies by William Golding

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In The Lord of the Flies, William Golding creates a microcosm that appears to be a utopia after he discharged from the British Royal Navy following World War II. After an emergency landing, Golding places a diverse group of boys on the island that soon turns out to be anything but utopia. The island the boys are on turns out to be an allegorical dystopia with inadequate conditions (Bryfonski 22). The boys reject all lessons they learned from their prior British society, and they turn towards their desires, including hunting pigs and engaging in dance and chant rituals. The protagonist, Ralph, a charismatic and natural leader, clashes against the antagonist, Jack, a power-hungry, malicious boy. Ralph leads with example, and honors order while focusing on survival, while Jack leads a free-for-all life, and is an impulsive and chaotic savage. Each boy has a close and intimate group of boys, Ralph’s being Piggy, who is “basically ineffectual without Ralph” (Telgen 179), and Jack’s being the choir. When order and civilization is no longer apparent, even the most moralistic of the boys begin to descend into savagery. A full identification and explanation of the major conflicts of Ralph versus Jack and good versus evil are mandatory to prove Golding’s central theory that man’s descent into savagery is caused directly by a lack of order. Initially, Ralph and Jack’s dynamic and tumultuous relationship goes to explain how savagery will take its roots in civilization without a constant

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