The Loss Of A Father

1345 WordsApr 29, 20176 Pages
Researchers MacCallum and Golombok (2004) argued that results from previous studies focusing on the loss of a father could not be generalized to children who grew up in households without a father from birth. This is where lesbian mothers and single mothers come into their research, because these families did not necessarily have an absentee father due to family disruption or realignment. For example, lesbians have used assisted conception and/or adoption. In earlier times, lesbian mothers weren’t always allowed these options. Many often lost their children due to the belief that children of homosexuals would have psychological and developmental problems, and at the time, many believed the children of homosexuals would be ostracized,…show more content…
Each of the participants agreed for the followup, and they were eventually reached by telephone or letter around their child’s 12th birthday. Beforehand, the researchers visited the mothers and children in their homes and employed the use of standardized interviews and questionnaires. There was a total of two interviews: one with the mother and one with the child. The mothers provided detailed accounts of the child’s behavior (progress at school, peer adjustment, relationships in the family) and how she responded to such conduct. The interviews with the children consisted of the Child and Adolescent Functioning and Environment Schedule (CAFE), which is a standardized interview and assessment. The questionnaires were the Expression of Affection Inventory and the Conflict Tactics Scale. Within these responses from mother and child, the researchers paid close attention to the the mother’s warmth, sensitivity and control with the child and the child’s perceptions of these maternal qualities. The results were then rated according to a standardized coding scheme and multivariate analyses of covariance (MANCOVAs) were used once significance group differences were determined. These specifically addressed father-absent vs. father-present and lesbian vs. single heterosexual mothers. Results. Two variables of warmth required the use of MANCOVAs: expressive
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