The Loss Of A Loved One

1409 WordsOct 29, 20156 Pages
The loss of a loved one is a painful experience followed by a period of grief and mourning. Bereavement is an experience most individuals will endure at least once in their lives. For most people symptoms such as persistent yearning for the deceased, intense emotional pain, preoccupation with the deceased, and overwhelming sense of sadness only last for a period of 12 months or less before the symptoms begin to subside. For approximately 2.4%-4.8% of the population grief symptoms persist for more than 12 months. These symptoms begin to impair their social and/or occupation functioning (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). This is a condition known as complicated grief (CG), also referred to as prolonged grief, or persistent complex bereavement disorder (Bryant, 2014). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (DSM-5), includes CG in the Appendix entitled ‘conditions for further study’. CG was proposed as an adjustment disorder when the DSM-5 was being written. A multitude of research had been completed to prove this was a maladaptive response to a significant stressor in an individual’s life (Bryant, 2014). Unfortunately, the American Psychiatric Association did not believe there was a sufficient amount of evidence to prove this constituted a formal diagnosis (Bryant, 2014). Nevertheless, this topic remains a prevalent concern in our society. Researchers have started to identify certain risk factors as well as mechanisms that cause CG

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