The MST and BSFT Essay

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The Multisystemic Therapy (MST) is a home-based treatment program developed by Henggler in 1970 that focuses on the factors of family and community. The program is intended to equip parents of troubled youth with tools to handle the difficulties of their behavior. The MST therapists work with the most difficult juveniles, male and female, between the ages of 12 and 17 who tend to have extensive criminal arrest histories. The MST concentrates on numerous aspects contributing to a delinquent lifestyle, such as juveniles’ homes, families, schools, teachers, neighborhoods, and friends. The psychoanalysts go to a child’s home and work with parents in order to put them in control over their kids. MST research has recognized particular risk…show more content…
In order to provide the best potential service, the program requires that all therapy sessions be video recorded, which allows the therapist to examine behaviors and provide guidelines for improved communication (U.S. Department of Justice, 2000). The research of the BSFT has recognized several risk factors. These include immigration, high conflict, and inner city. The criminological theory the BSFT program is based on is the social control theory, because it addresses family behavior. According to BSFT, a strong bond between a young individual and family networks is crucial to success. EMPIRICAL SUPPORT FOR MST: Henggeler, Smith, and Melton (1992) reported treatment of 84 serious juvenile offenders and their families designed to combat antisocial behavior. Each of the families was assigned on a random basis into two groups: first group received the Multisystemic Therapy and the second was treated with the use of the standard services offered by the local Department of Youth Services (DYS). The study was conducted in 1990 through the Family and Neighborhood Services (FANS) in South Carolina. One-hour research evaluations were conducted right before treatment has started and right after it has ended. The therapies lasted 4 months on average and were delivered in home and/or in community locations. After the

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