The Magna Carta

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The United States Constitution states that “no person shall…be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without the due process of law”, an idea previously used in a 13th century document entitled the Magna Carta (US Const. Amend. V). The Magna Carta was the first written charter in Europe that enacted several law codes that dealt with topics such as inheritance and civil rights (history.com, 2017). The codes enacted with the original 1215 charter, which was revised into the permanent 1225 charter, gave social, political, and judicial rights to the elite, middle, and lower classes of the English people, including the serfdom, who had been ignored through (history.com, 2017). Containing 63 clauses, the Magna Carta is permeated with judicial equality, religious dominion, and an underlying plea for peace. The Magna Carta was signed on 15 June 1215 at Runnymede, near Windsor, England; signed by King John of England, it was intended as a peace treaty to the barons below him to decentralize some of the power of the crown to the barons as well as provide a sure law code to the people (history.com, 2017). It also provided a regulation of the judicial system that brought common ground between the king and his people. Moreover, the United States Constitution forbids any punishment that does not fit with the crime the offender has been accused of, especially if it is cruel and unusual (US Const. Amend. VIII). The roots of this amendment can be found within the clauses of the Magna

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