The Main Alternative Electoral System

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Firstly, in this proposal, the different features of the main alternative electoral systems will be outlined along with the judgement of whether the Conservative party should advocate or oppose the respective system, in addition to ordering the preferences of the following systems. To begin with, the main alternatives, in terms of electoral reform, are mixed-member proportional (MMP) and preferential or ranked ballot where the former has proportionality as the formula and the latter usually has majority as the threshold. In addition, there is also the current electoral system, the first-past-the-post system (FPTP), which depends on having plurality as the threshold. As such, opposing electoral reform is key to retaining power because…show more content…
Besides, the Conservative party can argue for the status-quo on the merits that it facilitates a majority which makes government more efficient, that it excludes extremist or fragmented parties, and that it avoids fractionalization. The latter point is particularly true as plurality, particularly FPTP, breeds lower amount of parties due to voters voting strategically. Because in strategic voting, voters avoid small parties for the fear of not ‘wasting’ their votes, because of the high threshold in this plurality system. Adjacently, in that context, parties also have an incentive to merge to pass high thresholds of representation. Regardless, the positive aspects of plurality include its simplicity, efficiency along its ability to produce governments that need not depend on the support of other parties which are all facts that the Conservatives can use to lobby against any electoral change. And more pertinently in this case, it leads to a more coherent opposition, the Conservatives in this instance, by offering voters a clear choice in a system that is easy to understand. And this is part of the reason why the Conservatives should stay with the status-quo and advocate for it. Furthermore, an electoral reform being proposed is a change to a preferential or ranked ballot. In this type of ballot, the formula employed to calculate the threshold of votes needed to secure a seat is usually a majority, more than
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