The Main Characteristics of Alternative Vote, PR List (open and closed), STV, First Past The Post and AMS

669 Words3 Pages
The Main Characteristics of Alternative Vote, PR List (open and closed), STV, First Past The Post and AMS

There are many systems used throughout the world, which are based on democracy to ensure that the needs of the populations are taken into account. Many countries are constantly trying to form new models and techniques to ensure equality, but there are still many systems that have disadvantages, for example, in the First Past the Post system the candidate with the most votes may not necessarily win the election. In this essay I will explain the main characteristics of a few of the most used electoral systems.

First of all I will explain the 'First Past The Post' system, which is also called
…show more content…
This electoral system also produces a stable government but has a slow and exhaustive ballot.

The system used in Germany is called A.M.S. It was adopted in West Germany in 1949 but is now extended to United Germany. It creates a stable government and provides legislation. This system is different from most as the elector has two different votes. One for the constituency, and a second for a party. When the votes are counted the constituency representatives are elected from the first vote. The constituency representatives fill half of the six houndred and fifty-six seats.

The party vote is made proportional to the amount of votes cast but computing how many seats each party would be entitles to and then subtracting from that number the amount of seats each party has won in the constituency vote. The figure remaining is equal to the number of extra seats received on the second vote. A party, which fails to secure 5% of votes across the country of 3 constituency seats, cannot take part in allocation of seats based on second votes. The list is ordered and the candidates are numbered.

One complicating cam and does occasionally happen that a party wins more seats from the first vote that the total entitlement under the second vote. The party is allowed to retain extra seats and the Bundestag in enlarged.

Proportional representation list system

More about The Main Characteristics of Alternative Vote, PR List (open and closed), STV, First Past The Post and AMS

Get Access