The Main Concepts Of The Philosophy Of Liberalism

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What is Liberalism? INTRODUCTION The term liberalism has a variety of meanings nowadays. Freedom or liberty for each and every individual is the main aim of the philosophy of liberalism. Freedom had different concepts in different periods of time in the history and therefore the programs of liberalism were also different in those time periods. However the main aim always remained the same. Liberalism not only believed in human nature was good but it also believed that humans were rational. It supposes that, as people have a logical intellect, they have the ability to identify different challenges and problems and solve them. This will thus improve the human condition systematically. Conservatism, on the other hand, is the opposite doctrine…show more content…
It became famous among philosophers and economists during the era of Enlightenment. At that point of time absolute monarchy, state religion and hereditary privilege was the prevailing system. There was no absolute freedom for every individual at that time. Then the movement of liberalism started to gain popularity there. John Locke is often said to the founder of this political philosophy and tradition. He was a philosopher of that time. He believed that every man has a natural right to life, freedom and property. And he believed that governments should not violate these rights. Liberal, hence, opposed conservatism and wanted to replace absolutism in government with representative democracy and the rule of law. They wanted to use the liberal philosophy to change the system of tyrannical…show more content…
But then people started to believe in reason and rationality. People started to think. Up until then those who were powerful used to rule. There was the hereditary aristocracy. But then the people started to realize that this system should be changed. And hence the old traditions were questions, the governments were challenged. This intellectual progress to enlightenment led to powerful revolutionary movements. These movements were successful to put an end to the powerful regimes of the time many parts of the world like Europe, Latin America and North America. Then after that came the French revolution which also successfully put an end to the hereditary aristocracy. These revolutions and movement led to many later
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