The Main Principles Of Functionalism

1429 Words6 Pages
Talcott Parsons stated the main principles of functionalism. He believed that the extended family, pre industrial, was no longer needed and as industrialization grew the family learned to adapt by adopting the nuclear family structure. This typically consisted of a mother, father and two children. Parson also said that the male of the family still needed to be the main income of the family and act as the 'bread winner '. Women 's place however was at the family home raising the children and carrying out domestic chores. Parsons agreed the family unit had several functions in society however its two main functions were socialization and stabilization of personalities (a sociologyof family life deborah.c), Conflicting theory however has contradicting views and explanations on the purpose of the family unit in society. Conflict theory interprets the family as a system of power relations that reinforces and reflects the inequalities in society. (understanding a diverse society sociology pg399) These inequalities consist of gender, class, and ethnic inequalities. The gender roles keep the women from forming a career and labels her with a stigma if she chooses to not bear children. The socialization of children into their classes is also just a way of making individuals conform to their class and the needs of capitalism with little conflict. By reinforcing this system of hierarchy the children 's life chances are weakened and social mobility is a rare occurrence. As a
Open Document