The Major Developmental Milestones The process of myelination is pivotal in the development of

600 WordsApr 23, 20193 Pages
The Major Developmental Milestones The process of myelination is pivotal in the development of young children. The myelin is a fatty coating surrounding the axon that increases transmission between neurons. Before the age of six they are maturing and developing faster whereas, under six the child may forget what they are doing before they finish the task at hand. At six years old the most children can see an object and identify it, catch and throw a ball, and write their ABC sequences without default. Information is still processing slowly at six years of age (Berger, 2011). The prefrontal cortex in young children are much less adept than adults at such social understanding and planning because the major brain functions of the prefrontal…show more content…
Long-term deficits can occur in learning and memory as the children are exposed to traumatic events, high levels of stress in the home. Unfortunately, these same children are at a higher risk of developing depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity. Language, siblings, and culture also have an enormous impact on brain maturation. Children at any age, with greater verbal fluency are more likely to demonstrate theory of mind. Theory of mind is to know what goes on in another’s mind and develop a folk psychology, an understanding of others’ thinking (Berger, 2011). Sadly, the young child in this short story had neglectful/uninvolved parenting. Consistent parental guidance plays an important role in the development of both social and cognitive competence. Two moral emotions are evident when children play with each other, empathy or antipathy. With collective social experiences and decreasing egocentrism, they develop empathy, an understanding of other people’s feelings and concerns, and antipathy, dislike or even hatred. Antipathy can lead to antisocial behavior. Deliberate hurt or destructiveness directed toward another individual, including innocent bystanders. Similar to the story the boy physically assaulted the young girl with a gun and used reactive aggression (Berger, 2011). Cognitively, children are incapable of making concrete moral decisions like adults. I agree with the law, children under seven

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