The Major Functions of the Liver

861 Words Jan 25th, 2018 4 Pages
It has a wide variety of functions from protein synthesis from blood, to production of biochemical’s necessary for digestion, and to detoxification of blood. The liver is essential for survival and there is no way to compensate for the absence of liver function.
The liver is a multiple lobed organ that is in the front part of the abdominal cavity. It is positioned directly behind the diaphragm and in front of the stomach. It is situated straight across the front of the abdomen, with more of the liver on the right side. A normal liver color is deep red to brownish with a firm consistency. The liver is divided into several lobes and each is made up of multisided units called hepatic lobules. Each lobule is composed of a rounded pane of cells that give it a spongy texture and enables it to hold large amounts of blood. There are two major blood vessels that enter the liver. Firstly, the portal vein, which carries most of the blood to the liver and contains nutrients from the gastrointestinal tract. The second is the hepatic artery, which carries oxygen rich blood to the liver from the heart and lungs. There are two major structures that leave the liver, the hepatic vein and the bile duct. The hepatic vein takes the blood from the liver, while the bile duct takes bile to the gall bladder.
The liver is a storage place for glucose and production of urea from amino groups and ammonia. It stores many essential…
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