The Management Of Healthcare Waste

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Introduction The management of Healthcare waste (HCW) has continued to generate increasing public interest due to the health problems associated with human exposure to potentially hazardous wastes arising from healthcare (Tudor et al., 2005; Ferreira, 2003; Da Silver et al., 2005). Presently a considerable gap exists with regard to the assessment of healthcare waste management practices in several other countries in Sub–Saharan Africa, “healthcare waste management continues to present an array of challenges for developing countries” (Magashula 2008:226) What is healthcare waste? Healthcare waste can be defined as a “solid or liquid waste arising from healthcare, whereby ‘healthcare’ are medical activities such as diagnosis, monitoring, treatment, prevention of disease or alleviation of handicap in humans or animals, including related research, performed under the supervision of a medical practitioner or veterinary surgeon” European Union Healthcare Waste Priority cited in (Rushbrook 1999; 137), healthcare waste may be organic or inorganic waste (Kumie & Tadesse, 2014) Medical institutions such as hospitals, clinics and doctors’ surgery rooms undertake numerous types of medical assessments and procedures on a daily basis; however some Infectious waste can also produced in maternity homes and research institutes (Kumar, et al., 2015). Healthcare waste is not only generated from the above mentioned institutions it now embodies a far larger range of sources than in the
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