Essay on The Martial Law Era in Taiwan

1599 Words 7 Pages
The Martial Law was imposed in Taiwan in 1949 along with the Wartime Temporary Provisions and at the same time the Constitution was suspended (Hsiao and Hsiao, 2001: 4). Along came prohibition formation of new political parties, and it gave the secret police, which had wide-ranging powers to arrest anyone voicing criticism of government policy (International Committee for Human Rights in Taiwan, 1987: 3). Accordingly, the process of liberalization was long over due.
The main aspiration of the Kuomintang (KMT) officials of enacting the Martial Law was that they wanted Taiwan to become bastion for the future recovery of mainland People’s Republic of China (Chao and Myers, 2000: 387). If the communist regime would ever lose support and
…show more content…
The Martial Law was imposed in Taiwan in 1949 along with the Wartime Temporary Provisions and at the same time the Constitution was suspended (Hsiao and Hsiao, 2001: 4). Along came prohibition formation of new political parties, and it gave the secret police, which had wide-ranging powers to arrest anyone voicing criticism of government policy (International Committee for Human Rights in Taiwan, 1987: 3). Accordingly, the process of liberalization was long over due.
The main aspiration of the Kuomintang (KMT) officials of enacting the Martial Law was that they wanted Taiwan to become bastion for the future recovery of mainland People’s Republic of China (Chao and Myers, 2000: 387). If the communist regime would ever lose support and collapse, the Republic of China (ROC) party would restore its governance over the mainland of China. Consequently, the immediate concern of the new government was to prevent communist subversion and Taiwanese nationalism from undermining ROC governance over the Taiwan province (ibid). In order to achieve these goals, the ROC government and ruling KMT suspended any activities that might have weakened their authority by adjourning civil liberties, e.g. equality between the political sphere and social sphere, right to life corrupted by the Martial Law, freedom of speech banned and right to assembly banned (Suomen Vartioliikkeitten Liitto ry, 2008: 61). This they did as early as 19th May 1949, when Taiwan’s governor, Chen Cheng, imposed the Martial
Open Document