The Matter Of Paying Attention

1494 WordsMar 23, 20166 Pages
Introduction The matter of “paying attention” is based on a series of cognitive functions. Attention, itself, is the ability to concentrate on a task, and the allocation of processing resources (Young, 2016). An aspect of attention, selective attention, focuses on the mental vitality and flexibility of our brain (Cognitive Psychology Class Notes, n.d.). The response of two or more conflicting signals is located in the part of the brain called the, anterior cingulate (Pardo, Pardo, Janer, & Raichle, 1980). This region of the brain has two main cognitive processes; one of which is the capability to read words and the other to detect colors through visual stimuli. A way to understand the how this part of the brain works is through attention fails. J. Ridley Stroop (1935) investigated the response of the brain through the Stroop Effect, and attention fails as two cognitive processes conflicting each other. Stroop (1935) asked students to read off lists in two types of conditions; the congruent condition (NC test), which consisted of solid colored squares and a condition with in-congruent word colored pairs (NCWd Test). For example, in the in-congruent condition the word “Green” would be printed in red ink. Stroop found that the students had a slower reaction rate in the NCWd Test than the NC test, due to the word interfering with the ability to focus on the colors (Green, n.d.). His results suggest that the ability to quickly perceive words can conflict with the processing of
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