The Mayan Civilization : Ancient Civilization

1425 WordsJun 2, 20176 Pages
The Mayan Civilization: For many centuries the Mayan was of life was a mystery to archaeologists. Their geography, social structure, government, economy/trade, technology, writing, and arts were all thought to be forever lost. Now, as archaeologists are still uncovering more information, what was once referred to as “The Lost Civilization of Maya”, has been awakened from the grave of unknown. Geography: The ancient Mayan Civilization surrounded by the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean stretched from the southern tip of Mexico to Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. The tropical climate was ideal for growing, their main crop, maize along with sweet potatoes, avocado pears, and paw paws. There was plenty of rain in the whole…show more content…
Commoners could not vote as the Mayan Civilization was not a democracy. The Mayan Civilization has always had a strong social class and was always a monarchy. Government: The Mayans always were a separated nation, that was made up of a collection of city-states. They had a hierarchical system in their government. They lived in city-states much like the Egyptians and the Mesopotamians. The Mayans has no professional armies but warfare was still quite important to the government. Mayan government would also raid other city-states. The Mayan rulers were thought of as a human-god hybrid. The rules were passed down by generation. It was unlikely for women to become rulers but occasionally when the king was too young, at war or unavailable for some other reason women would rule. All city-states were similar in the laws, the gods they believed in, architectural style, clothing and their way of life. Yet the Mayans never came together because of the common greed that nobles shared: wanting more power and land. Economy/Trade: The most important trading item for the Mayans was salt and the Yucatan Peninsula had lots of salt. The people of the Yucatan Peninsula traded honey, beeswax, bird feathers, and slaves. The feathers traded ranged from toucans all the way to hummingbirds, these feathers were used in clothing. The lowland products included cacao, lime stone for building, vannila, jaguar pelts and
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