The McGregor Theory Essay

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Introduction The onset of the industrial revolution in the late 19 century created a host of new challenges for the managers. Some of these challenges included the need to increase the workforce effectiveness. Therefore, early futurist suggested theories that they believe if applied would result in higher management efficiency. Such theory were based on the fundamental believe that employee should be actively supervised and monitored (Jone & George 2008). However, Douglas McGregor challenged this notion. Through his extensive work he established two theories, which defined the assumption held about employees’ attitude towards work. These assumption automatically influenced workers productivity (Kopelman, Prottas, Davis 2008; Tatham,…show more content…
As oppose to this assumption, McGregor believed that the general intention of most employees is to be more productive. This assumption commonly referred to as theory Y (human relation) contradicted theory Y notion that employees inherently hate working (McGregor 1960). Convectional view or what is referred to as theory X, underpinned the underlying assumptions that surrounded the scientific era which the management practices at the time was evolving from. Here, effective management included harnessing the power of the human labour to achieve organization effectiveness. The manager could achieve this through effectively; organizing all element of production. Such element included natural resources, machinery and equipment, money, people, among others. Very important to note, is that the process of managing people involved keenly directing and controlling their efforts and actions to suit the organizations needs (Jone & George 2008). According to this theory, failure to constantly intervene the function of the workers would result in undesirable outcome. This is because here the workers are viewed as indolent, irresponsible, un-ambitious and self-centred. This is nature might make them passive and at times resistance to any initiative directed towards achieving organizational goals (McGregor 1960). Therefore manager could adopt the use of rewards and punishment to model the appropriate

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