The Meaning Of Dhamma And Buddhism

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Foundation of Buddhist Social Thought 26

I.2.1. Meaning of Dhamma/Dharma To understand the meaning of dharma (Skt) or dhamma (P), the following is the definition of explanation given in Nyanatiloka?s Buddhist Dictionary, a Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines, published in Sri Lanka.
?Dhamma: The ?bearer?, constitution (or nature of a thing), a norm, law, doctrine; justice, righteousness; quality; thing, object of mind ?phenomenon? . . . The dhamma, as the liberating law discovered and proclaimed by the Buddha, is summed up in the Four Noble Truths and it forms one of the Three Gems . . . Dhamma, as object of mind, conditioned or not, real or imaginary.?

Dharma/dhamma, therefore, has many translations. By combining the English meaning
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They are not suspended by God. Good action or bad action belongs to the doer. No one can help or take away the fruits of one?s action either good or bad. In Buddhism the Buddha does not proclaim himself as a savior who will take upon himself the sins of those who follow him. He says that everyone must bear the burden of his own sins that not even a God can do for man what self-help in the form of self-conquest and self-emancipation can achieve. The Buddha, thus, regards man as the creator of his own dignity based on his action.
?By oneself the evil is done, by oneself one suffers; by oneself evil is left undone, by oneself one is purified. Purity and impurity belong to oneself, no one can purify another.??
Again:
?You yourself must make an effort. The Tath?gatas (Buddha) are only preachers. The thoughtful that enter the way are freed from the bondage of M?ra (Evil).?? These moral laws, in brief, pave the way of self-sufficiency, self-confidence, self-culture and self-emancipation which contribute to the development of individual quality. In Buddhism, karma is cause and effect, or reaction and action. By thinking, speaking and acting wisely (so as to reduce suffering) we cause effects that produce happiness; by thinking, speaking and acting unwisely (so as to produce suffering) we cause effects that produce
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It forms one of the important aspects of the parents? duties. They must seek a suitable wife and husband for their son or daughter. This period of life is supposed to be the second step of life after education. The family life is very difficult and full of problems which should be considered and solved for mutual happiness and advantage. The activities in the family do not end in marriage but the marriage begins a new life. They have a mutual hope that they will have sons or daughters who make them happy. The Buddha laid down the mode of mutual relation and action which husbands and wives should have to act towards each
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