The Meaning of Mental Health and Ill-health

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Mental health as Pilgrim (2005) stated is used positively to indicate a state of psychological wellbeing and negatively to indicate its opposite, or euphemistically to indicate facilities used by, or imposed upon, people with mental problems (pg 3) although Richards (2002) argued the concept of sanity and insanity are relative and may vary according to individual and social perspectives, and illustrated that an acceptable behaviour at an arts festival may not be perceived similar in a private home and that there are times when every one of us could be considered to be in an abnormal state of mind (pg 13-15) and in that regard dispensed the term ‘madness’ which could have emotive meaning, is neither a medical term nor a diagnosis and could…show more content…
‘Ideas’ in the philosophical sense do not fall within this scope; its enquiries are restricted entirely to facts” psychological and psychiatric treatments according to Szasz were coercion of patients by practitioners and hence mythical healing masquerading as humane medical treatments (Szasz, 2006; pp. 42-49). He demonstrated that ‘civil commitment’ and ‘insanity defence’ which were paradigms of psychiatric practices were irreconcilable with the values of individual liberty, but were used by both psychiatrists and anti-psychiatrists alike (Szasz, 2009). The World Health Organization (World Health Organization, 2005) however defines mental health as “a being of well-being in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community”, while the existential psychoanalyst Abraham Maslow (1954) invoked the idea of self actualization referring to fulfilment of one’s human potential (Pilgrim, 2005) and the Department of Health (2004) in its Draft Mental Health Bill defined mental disorder as an impairment in the

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