The Measure of Aggression

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The construct that is in question is the measure of aggression. Aggressiveness has been a popular disposition for study because it can be closely linked to observed behavior. An aggressive behavior has generally been defined as a behavior that is intended to injure or irritate another person (Eron, Walder,& Lefkowitz, 1971). Aggressiveness, then, is the disposition to engage frequently in behaviors that are intended to injure or irritate another person. The one difficulty this definition presents for measurement is the intentionality component. Whether or not an observed behavior injures or irritates another person can usually be determined without much difficulty, but the intention behind the behavior may be more difficult to divine,…show more content…
Such that if the person is in a good mood they might not view themselves as negatively as well they may not be fully aware of their actions in the past and how they truly relate to the question being asked. Similarly more salient factors of aggression may not be observed by peers. Overview of the Scale: The Aggression Questionnaire was developed by Buss and Perry in 1992, to replace the Hostility Inventory, consists of 29 items concerning self-reports of behavior and feelings, which are completed along a five-point scale (5: “very often applies to me” to 1: “never or hardly applies to me”); two items are reverse-scored. There are four subscales, physical (9 items), verbal (5 items), anger (7 items), and hostility (8 items). The first two are concerned with behavior (e.g., “I have threatened people I know,” and “I often find myself disagreeing with people”), and the other two with feelings (e.g., anger: “I have trouble controlling my temper”; hostility: “I am sometimes eaten up with jealousy”). The questionnaire is intended for the general public to ascertain the level of aggression and what subscales of aggression the person exhibits. This can be used in a clinical setting and/ or as a predictor of the subject’s interactions with the public. Item Format: Each item was rated on a 5-point Likert type scale which was rated least characteristic to most characteristic. The 4 scales (factors) of
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