In his article Marsh (2010) suggests that the Australian political system could benefit from new infrastructure by replacing senate with committees of
The Australian Criminal Justice system has an intricate and diverse structure that makes it one of the most unique systems in the world. The Commonwealth of Australia was approved by the British Parliament in 1900 and came into existence on January 1, 1901. The federal constitution combined British and American practices, with a parliamentary government, but with two houses - the popularly elected House of Representatives and Senate representing the former colonies. This began the start of a new era of policing. (Findlay, Odgers, Yeo). The Commonwealth of Australia is a federalist government composed of a national government and six State governments. There are nine different criminal justice systems in Australia - six states, two territories, and one federal. The eight States and Territories have powers to enact their own criminal law, while the Commonwealth has powers to enact laws. Criminal law is administered principally through the federal, State and Territory police. (Chappell, Wilson, Heaton). In this essay an in depth analysis of the Australian criminal justice system will be given, along with a comparison to the United States criminal justice system throughout the essay. As well as an evaluation of the effectiveness of the system and finally a brief summary of how the Australian criminal justice system structure could be improved to better suit the evolving society. Australia has a complex and very intuitive system of policing that
Lockouts in professional sports happen very often in America and have many negative effects on the owners of the sport team, the players involved with the sport, and the economy. Lockouts happen regularly in sports because of labor disputes between the owners and the athletes. These labor contract disputes usually last a long time and have a negative impact one lot of things. Most lockouts lately have been in football, hockey, and basketball, but baseball has not had a lockout in twenty years. Lockouts in sports have had negative social and economic consequences for local economies and players, but sometimes they can benefit the owners. Lockouts will always be part of American sports and will always have some kind of impact.
The Law Enforcement Powers and Responsibilities Act 2002 (NSW) (commonly abbreviated as LEPRA), is a piece of legislation which was introduced into the State of New South Wales in response to the Wood Royal Commission enquiry into NSW Police. The Commission identified that there was a strong reliance on the common law in relation to the powers of law enforcement officers, and recommended that there was enough desirability to have these powers (and as a consequence the rights of ordinary citizens) more clearly defined via statute to protect both parties interests . These recommendations were made in an effort to better achieve social justice, and to ensure that there was a sufficient balance between what the police can legally do, and what
Indefinite detention is an extremely controversial issue consisting of valid arguments on both sides of the debate; however, Queensland’s Dangerous Prisoners (Sex Offenders) Act 2003, including the amendment made to it in 2009 and part 10 of the Penalties and Sentences act 1992 (Qld) all provide a desirable outcome. These laws are scrutinized by many but evidently all contribute to the equitable way that this system functions. Although on the face of it, indefinitely detaining a prisoner may be perceived by some as infringing the fundamental rules of law, in reality extensive measures are taken through the legislative processes of these laws to ensure that a just decision is made in respects to the continuation of a detention order. By doing
Vickie Lee Roach was a prisoner whose ability to vote had been taken away by Commonwealth legislation. She argued that the legislation breached her constitutional rights and argued her case in the High Court. Roach’s disqualification from voting violated both the Australian Constitution’s requirement that parliament be “directly chosen by the people” (s7 and s24) and the Constitution’s implied freedom of political communication. The constitutional phrase ‘the people’ was intended to be as broad
Preventative Detention Orders serve as a viable alternatives to judicial trials, by allowing Police to ‘detain or restrict the movement of individuals without charge or conviction’. External reviews of PDO’s by the Law Council of Australia has deemed these measures ‘justifiably balance security and civil liberties’ by prioritizing community safety over the presumed innocence of terror
Within this report, you shall find a discussion on what ways that current lock out laws have effected and/or been a detrimental factor to a decline of live music with the Sydney CBD. You will also find whether it has effected businesses, the slight changed in social views and if there are any current developments regarding changes with the current laws.
The second point of contention with this bill arose out of concerns with the power granted to the security. More specifically Andrew Swan is concerned with the re-entry of barred persons, questioning if there will be an appeal process to regain entry via an independent third party, “[I]t's her intention that there be no other objective look or appeal process” (Hansard, 22 Mar 2017, p. 902). This essentially is a concern about the amount of discretion given to the officers, as it could be misused, and people may be barred based on prejudices some security officers may have, “[The Minister of Justice] is conflating the idea of security with the ability to simply prevent someone from being able to be there.” (Hansard, 22 Mar 2017, p. 903).
Then came the lockout. After a 136-day lockout, both sides eventually reached a settlement. The owners association received a considerable increase from the revenue pool. Instead of one billion dollars out of the nine billion, they are now receiving over half of the revenue pool. Along with this, the salary cap was slightly lowered. There was a stipulation that placed in the agreement that the owners must use at least ninety-nine percent of the salary cap for the two seasons following the CBA being ratified and at least ninety-five for the five seasons after that. A solid amount of the players’ demands was also met. The season is to stay at sixteen games instead of eighteen like the owners’ association wanted. Also, players are to receive a
The reforms passed in January 2014 to the NSW Liquor Act aimed to reduce the amount of alcohol-fuelled violence in the Sydney CBD and Kings Cross entertainment districts. The reforms have created new curfew laws in effect for the outlined regions, this curfew restricts the consumption and sale of alcohol, as well as entry into clubs & bars.
It is widely recognised that Australia’s System of decision making in the court is in need of significant reform, if the nation’s present and future need for fair justice is to be met.
This report uses the example of Melbourne’ 2.00 am Lockout policy to assess the management style and contribution that public mangers made to adding public value. The Melbourne’ 2.00 am Lockout policy was implemented as a result of an incidence of alcohol-fuelled violence and assaults which had been increasingly observed in the streets of Melbourne city of Australia from 2004-2007. These incidences were causing huge public losses in terms of injuries, death and environment of fear in general public, specifically due to binge drinking till morning. Under such circumstance, government executives introduce many interventions in order to reduce losses and create value for the public. This is discussed in the light of Moore perspectives
Is our NSW court system effective? It is if you have money. Is it something that we can just adhere to with out ever allowing it to adapt and evolve to meet societies needs? Absolutely not. Just like humanity, the NSW court system contains protruding faults that are made apparent with further scrutiny. The court system is something that requires our constant attention and support to improve and advance. In order for the court system to attain eligibility it relies heavily on 4 fundamental components; affordability, simplicity, fairness and accessibility. For countless Australians our legal system is lacking on all these fronts.