The Medical And Behavioral ( Dsm ) Community

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The medical and behavioral (DSM) community has chosen to let go of the more shadowy term “Gender Identity Disorder,” in favor of a less charged and hopefully more suitable term, “Gender Dysphoria,” for transgender individuals. This paper will explore conventional clinical perspectives and subsequent changes therein; survey a few theoretical frameworks, both conventional and more post-modern, in order to gain a better understanding of how to effectively work with gender dysphoria. The main body of this paper will be structured under specific headings, beginning with a brief historical description of gender dysphoria, followed a brief discussion on etiology with some clinical implications. Current theoretical frameworks will be presented…show more content…
Prior to the 1950s, the term “transexualism” was well documented in the Western European medical literature (Reicherzer 2008). Reicherzer describes the first genital reassignment surgery in the context of an account of two males identifying as female in London. Experiments in sexual reassignment surgery took place in the 1920s and 30s in Germany, and by 1947, there was increasing medical attention along with the utilization of provide hormone treatments in 1949.
Although the first sex-reassignment surgery took place in 1952 and attracted considerable attention, the concept of gender in 1957 was developed by John William Money (as cited in Haraway, 1991, p. 133) who studied disorders of sex development. In the U.S., there was very little attention given to this subject until the late 1950’s when the first gender identity research clinic was founded. The first Gender Identity Research Project was established at the UCLA Medical Center in 1958 with the objective to study transsexuals (Haraway, 1991). The John Hopkins University Hospital became the first academic institution in the United States to perform sex reassignment surgeries, established in 1965.
Gender Dysphoria – Changing perspectives on transgender identities
The lack of correlation between anatomical sex and gender identity was referred to as gender identity disorder, making its first appearance in the DSM-III
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