The Medicinal Properties Of Aloe Vera

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Aloe vera is one of the endemic plants found in southern Iran and had been utilized in Persian medicine practices for over 2,500 years (Avijgan, 2016). Aloe vera has also played an important role in clinical research (Marharjan and Nampoothiri, 2015). It is a succulent, cactus-like plant which belongs to the Aloe cease family which contains more than 400 Aloe vera species (Vangipuram et al., 2016). Aloe barbadensis Miller (Asphodelaceae) and Aloe aborescens are the more extensively known species to use for cosmetic, medicinal, and pharmaceutical purposes (Grindlay and Reynolds, 1986). Aloe vera consists of 75 different ingredients: enzymes, minerals, sugars, sterols, amino acids, and salicylic acid, just to name a few (Gottlieb, 1980). The leaves of Aloe vera contain 0.0013% protein and 99.5% water (Reynolds and Dweck, 1999). These features have made Aloe vera known for its medicinal assets which lead to its use in pharmacological actions like antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antitumor, and immune boosting (Nair, 2016). Studies have also shown anti-microbial potential against Streptococcus pyrogenes, Streptococcus faecalis, and other infectious diseases caused by bacteria (Heggers et al., 1979). Therefore, it has been used traditionally as nutritional drinks, vitamins, moisturizers, healing agent in cosmetics, diabetic patients, sun burn, wounds and digestive tract disorders with no adverse effects (Yagi, 2002; and Im, 2010). With the

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