The Medieval Period in England

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British History and Civilization:



Brief overview of the Medieval period 2
The feudal system 3
Religion in Medieval England 4
Knights and the Code of Chivalry 5
Medieval women 7
Castles 9
Literature and music 10
The Black Death 12
In conclusion 13

Brief overview of the Medieval period

The term Medieval derives from the Latin words 'medium aevum' meaning the Middle Ages. The Middle Ages are so called as the middle period between the decline of the Roman Empire and prior to the period called the Renaissance. The early Middle Ages are often referred to as the Dark Ages. The period and era
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Opposition to the Catholic church would result in excommunication. This meant that the person who was excommunicated could not attend any church services, receive the sacraments and would go straight to hell when they died.

Knights and the Code of Chivalry

It was the duty of a Middle Ages knight to learn how to fight and so serve their liege lord according to the Code of Chivalry. The Code of Chivalry dictated that a knight should be brave and fearless in battle but would also exhibit cultured knightly qualities showing themselves to be devout, loyal, courteous and generous. Weapon practise included enhancing skills in the two-handed sword, battle axe, mace, dagger and lance. A knight would be expected to guard the castle and support his liege lord in Middle Ages warfare. To gain knighthood in the Middle Ages was a long and arduous task. Knighthood was not bestowed purely because a young man was the son of a noble. There were many steps to achieving a knighthood, requiring years of training. The steps towards achieving a knighthood started with training as a page and then as a squire, also referred to as esquire.

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The knights job in the Middle Ages is centred around enhancing their knightly skills in the use of weapons, horsemanship and medieval warfare. The sons of nobles, except those who were destined to take Holy Orders, were placed in the service of the great lords of the land. These sons of the
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