The Mediterranean Diet

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The Mediterranean Diet John Q. Student College University Abstract This paper explores the research available on the history, nutritional guidelines, and health benefits of the Mediterranean diet (Mediet). A ranking in U.S. News (2014) has the Mediet as one of the top three best diets on a scale of short- and long-term weight loss, ease of following, nutrition, safety and performance as diabetes and heart diet. This paper examines these claims against the research available to gain a more in-depth understanding of the Mediet and its health benefits. The Mediterranean Diet In January of 2014, the Health & Wellness section of U.S. News & World Report, LP (U.S. News) released a…show more content…
Much like the original, the new MDP has a plant-based foundation. “They provide key nutrients, fibre [sic] and protective substances that contribute to general well-being, satiety and the maintenance of a balanced diet, and thus should be consumed in high proportions and frequency” (Bach-Faig et al., 2011). Although, unlike the original MDP, this pyramid has included serving requirements that offers a clear guideline to follow while still leaving room for some variation as follows: Every Day Main meals should contain three basic elements 1. Cereals: one or two servings per meal in the form of bread, pasta, rice, couscous and others. Preferably whole grain. 2. Vegetables: two or more servings per meal. In order to ensure vitamin and mineral daily intakes. 3. Fruit: one or two servings per meal. In order to ensure a wide variety of antioxidants and protective compounds. Six to Eight glasses of water. Herbal infusions and tea, and low-sodium and low-fat broths may help to complete the requirements. Dairy products should be present in moderate amounts (two servings per day), important for bone and heart health but dairy products can be a major source of saturated fat Olive oil is located at the center of the pyramid; it should be the principal source of dietary fat because of its high nutritional quality. Abundance of antioxidant compounds
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