Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness that is characterized by changes in mood. It can lead to risky behavior, damage relationships and careers, and even suicidal outcomes if it’s not treated. Bipolar disorder is more common in older teenagers and young adults, it can affect children as young as 6. Women experience more periods of depression than men. More remains to be learned about this condition that affects millions of people.
Manic depression disorder, more commonly known today as bipolar disorder, is a mental illness that can affect any age, race, or gender. It is not prejudiced, and has a grim prognosis if the symptoms are not treated or controlled in some fashion. Bipolar disorder is, by Boris Birmaher as the presence of recurrent episodes of mania or hypomania with and without episodes of depression (Birmaher, 2013). As explained by Hockenbury and Hockenbury, a manic episode can be sudden and escalates the emotional state of the individual causing them to have extreme euphoria, as well as more excitement, physical energy, and a more rapid thought and speech process. A depressive episode can also come on suddenly and leaves the individual in a lost state, where they are tired, and no longer find enjoyment from activities that they once loved and could lead to suicidal thoughts or actions (Hockenbury & Hockenbury, 2014). A person does not mentally mature fully until about the age of 25. Meaning that a 25 year old has different brain processes than a 10 year old. Because of this, there have been many studies conducted on the controversy between whether or not bipolar disorder should be diagnosed in children and adolescents.
The research found that a history of severe childhood abuse is to be found in approximately half of adults with bipolar disorder with multiple forms of having occurred in about a third. Distinct negative impacts on clinical outcome were associated with childhood physical, sexual or emotional abuse histories, with evidence suggesting more extensive suicidality, rapid cycling and possibly comorbid substance misuse associated with multiple forms of childhood abuse. This study helped me come to the conclusion that Marya was not sexually abuse as a child. In my opinion since the study suggest that only half of the 100 people showed symptoms of severe childhood and sexual abuse was included within this half it is not enough evidence to conclude that our client Marya has been sexually abused.
Someone with Bipolar Disorder can experience unpredictable changes in mood and behavior so much so that it effects the whole body, cognitive, psychological, and behavioral through anxiety distress, and even psychosis. Bipolar Disorder is characterized be irregular episodes of mania or (manic phase) and depression that lasts days to months at times and is experience could be described and may be associated with suicidal thoughts, low motivation, loss of interest, in daily activities, or high energy or feelings of euphoria as impulsivity, recklessness, and reduce need for sleep and loss of touch with reality. These behaviors leading to loss of judgment and spending sprees, becoming promiscuous, risky behaviors with drug or alcohol abuse, or even getting in trouble with the law. The opposite can be said to be true when in the depressive state that causes the person to become withdrawn completely from anyone and everything. Treatment is usually life long and often involves a combination of medications and psychotherapy for patients/someone with this disorder, along side a specialists, psychiatrist, clinical psychologists, also their primary care physician or (PCP). Several contributing factors
Bipolar disorder is a manic-depressive lifelong illness in the brain that causes shifts in mood, energy, activity, and the ability to carry out normal tasks, but efficient treatment helps people to manage these complications and normalize their daily lives. This illness is a very serious mental disease affecting about 2.6 percent of adults in the United States that has the power to cause risky behavior and even suicidal tendencies if not treated (www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/index.shtml). It is more common in older teens and young adults, but it affects children as young as six years old. It affects men and women, all races, ethnic groups, and socioeconomic classes equally but women experience more periods of depression than
Living with a child with bipolar disorder can be difficult. Though it is important to be patient and understanding, dealing with a child’s extreme shifts in mood and behavior can cause a lot of stress on a parent and may cause strain on the parent’s other relationships, mental and physical health, jobs, other children of the family, and the child’s treatment plan. It is important that the parent cares for himself and not solely be concerned of the child, as both the parent and child
For an episode to be categorized as manic, the patients’ mood has been irritable or abnormally elevated for at least 1 week. A person must also exhibit at least 3 of the following symptoms (4 if the mood is only irritable): extreme feelings of personal greatness; a decreased need for sleep, marked talkativeness; distractibility; extreme focus on a goal-directed activity; reports of ‘racing’ thoughts or a flight of ideas; or excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that have a high potential for painful consequences (i.e. sexual indiscretions or unintelligent business investments). As in the criteria for a depressed episode, the DSM-IV specifies that these symptoms should not be better explained as being a side effect of a drug or illness to qualify as a manic episode. These symptoms must interfere with the person’s normal functioning and must not meet the criteria for a mixed episode. As with adults, childhood-onset bipolar disorder has many faces. Children with Bipolar I Disorder have episodes of mania and episodes of depression, sometimes there are long periods of normal moods between episodes. Adults usually tend to have more depressed episodes than manic episodes. However, some children will have chronic mania (symptoms of mania lasting for long periods of time or marked by frequent recurrence) and seldom experience a depressed episode.
Living with a person who has been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, or even being a family member who has a genuine concern for this individual’s well-being is a strenuous process. Learning how to recognize and handle disruptive behavior, understanding the symptoms, supporting the individual through potential treatment or recovery periods and assessing the overall situation in the most effective manner is a long-term and constant commitment. Thus, family members, particularly those who take on the role of caregiver are often impacted as severely, if not more so than the person who has been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, at least on the surface. Bipolar disorder and
According to the NIMH bipolar is a manic-depressive illness which causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. It is a brain disorder and can be severe. The symptom that a person with the bipolar disorder suffers with is different than the normal ups and downs that everyone goes through in life. The disorder can ruin relationships, result in poor job performance and even can get as severe as suicide. With treatment the disorder can be controlled through a comprehensive plan. Research has hinted that there is a genetic component to the bipolar disorder; but research on children with a family history of bipolar disorder, compared with those that did not have a family member with the disorder, were inconclusive. Brain-imaging studies show that patients with bipolar disorder have different brain from healthy people and even those with
Bipolar disorder is a chronic illness that requires treatment. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that causes drastic emotional changes and mood swings. Transmutations in mood can range from manic highs, to depressive lows. Bipolar disorder is a mental condition that can lead to dangerous demeanors. These may be things such as cutting or inflicting harm to one’s self. Patients will spend 3 times more days depressed than in a manic state. Due to the variations in episodes, Bipolar may be difficult to diagnose. Along with ADHD Bipolar conventionally begins in adolescent adults it can transpire earlier or later in life. Bipolar disorder can run in families. Men and women are equally likely to have Bipolar. Women are more likely to have rapid cycling. Women additionally incline to spend more time depressed than men do. People, who abuse alcohol or other drugs, and some apprehensiveness disorders, like (PTSD post-traumatic stress disorders are more likely to have bipolar disorder. Medications have been very effective in treating this disorder like Quetiapine and Lamotrigine along with clinical therapy. This disorder causes damage to relationships and life’s work and sometimes-suicidal thoughts.
Bipolar disorder is typically a condition that affects people in their late teens and early adulthood. It is usually not thought to affect a child but it is something that, if present at a young age, can seriously affect the way a child grows up. Bipolar disorder affects every aspect of a person’s life and is not as understood as it should be. Researchers are still looking for the cause of this illness and how it can be treated but overall it is a condition that many people are undereducated on and that is something I’m hoping this paper might be able to change for some.
The National Institute of Mental Health describes bipolar I disorder as the occurrence of manic episodes that can last up to seven days, or experiencing a state of mania so severe that one must be hospitalized. With manic episodes, it is common to experience depressive symptoms as well, which can last two weeks or more. The NIMH defines bipolar II disorder as a pattern of depressive episodes with the addition of hypomanic episodes, which are not as intense and distressing as the manic episodes in bipolar I disorder. During a manic episode one might be experiencing feelings of having a lot of energy, feeling jumpy or wired, talking fast about a variety of topics, racing thoughts, and wanting to do risky things. During an episode of depression,
Bipolar disorder, or manic depressive disorder, is a disorder characterized by extreme mood changes. People with this disorder undergo unusual shifts in his or her mood, activity levels, energy and the ability to carry out daily activities (National Institute of Mental Health, n.d.). A person can go from being very outgoing and energetic to feeling irritated and worthless over a period of a few days, months, or even years. People with bipolar disorder experience “mood episodes”, represented by a drastic change in a person’s unusual mood or behavior (National Institute of Mental Health, n.d.). A manic episode he or she may experience is overexcited and overly joyful; however, someone in a
The physical and mental health of their child is always a parent’s main priority and they do anything to make sure that he or she is healthy. So, finding out that your child has call bipolar disorder will disturb any concerning parent, especially if their child is young. What is this bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder, also referred to as manic depressive illness, is a disorder that causes spikes in a person’s attitude, energy level, and sometimes their desire to perform actions. ( Psychology today 2016) These symptoms can range from moderate to very severe in people of all ages. This disorder can affect many different aspects of one’s life as well. Jobs, schooling, ability to form and keep relationships, and self-esteem may be affected as a result of having this disorder. There are three types of Bipolar disorder I, bipolar disorder II, and cyclothymic disorder. (Psychology today 2016) Bipolar I is not as severe as the others. A patient diagnosed with Bipolar II is more prone to big outbursts, more likely to be depressed for a long time, and more likely to go through several mood changes throughout the course of the day. Cyclothymic has not really been a common diagnosis in the United States among children and adolescents. (Psychology today 2016)