The Mental Illness of Schizophrenia

2374 Words Feb 22nd, 2018 9 Pages
Among psychiatric disorders, schizophrenia is the most disabling disease and demand a disproportionate amount of resources to health . However, there have been considerable advances in the treatment and at present many sufferers can lead a reasonably normal life. The estimated annual incidence is 0.2 to 0.4 by 1000. The frequency of schizophrenia is similar in both sexes but in women tends to occur later and present a more benign course, probably due to the effect of estrogen on D2 receptors. Substantial changes are recorded in the prevalence and incidence of the disease from one country to another and between different cultures, but the differences are reduced if strict diagnostic criteria are applied. The core symptoms include difficulty for thought, decreased affection, loss of behavioral or mixed emotions directed by conflicting impulses, and autism. Schizophrenia is characterized by three major types of clinical manifestations: psychotic symptoms, negative symptoms and cognitive impairment. The former include the loss of contact with reality, including false thoughts (delusions) and hallucinations, among others. Psychotic symptoms tend to occur in episodes. Negative symptoms are deficit states in which the processes of basic…