The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka

Decent Essays
The Metamorphosis: Reappraised The novella The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka was first published in 1915. This novella shows the degree of loyalty a family has to even their own family members; this case being Gregor Samsa, his mother, his father, and his sister Grete Samsa. Upon reading the novella, it becomes evident that Gregor’s care for his family is pure and genuine, which, throughout the short story, leaves a small feeling of melancholy due to the fact that the family never really returned that same gesture. Gregor works solely to support the Samsa family through their debts and his sister’s future through a job that he keeps due to his obligation as the money-maker of the family. Support, in both factors of the word, should be a…show more content…
This novella shows the psychological and emotional distance that Gregor causes to those around him when he becomes a literal insect. Walter H. Sokel’s critical analysis essay Education for Tragedy focuses on Gregor’s and his family’s mindset and the psychological aspect of not only the characters in the novella, but as well as Kafka himself. Sokel makes outstanding points that allow the reader to think about the psychological and literal aspect of the characters themselves, rather than why what happened with Gregor happened. Sokel, instead, focuses on the emotional aspect and what the metamorphosis itself represents as a whole rather than as just a random, unexplainable transformation. Sokel explains Gregor’s relief and release from slaving over his family day in and day out in a job that he despises, and his sudden transformation. Gregor thinks that he is not required to go on “slaving”. The family treats him as neither a human nor a bug, but, rather, as an personification of the most disgusting, most dangerous side of his personality. One side of the metamorphosis, as Sokel states, is the anger and aggression. The metamorphosis turns Gregor into something that people become fearful and anxious about, and, to the father, enrages; unconsciously embodying Gregor’s own bitter discontent. The other side is helplessness, the metamorphosis representing guilt, namely because he is too scared or cowardly to stand up for himself and rebell, allowing people to
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