Essay on The Metamorphosis, by Franz Kafka

1973 Words 8 Pages
How individuals think about their identity and how they respond to others is a person’s self-concept. Various factors in an individual’s life can have a negative or positive affect on their self-concept. Focusing on negative self-concept, we can see reoccurring variables in their social environment that can trigger depressive symptoms. Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis, begins when Gregor has awakened from his disturbed dream as a dung beetle. Gregor, the main character and Kafka himself, experienced insecure behavior, alienation and depression in their relationships. For Gregor, these symptoms had a tremendous effect on his self-concept: it led to a depressive and desolate end. Kafka’s misery in his real life was reflected in the Gregor‘s …show more content…
Kafka’s relationships with his family and with women demonstrate an avoidant insecure attachment. In the article “Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka” written by Allan Beveridge, Kafka felt “estranged” from society and his relationships (Beveridge 459). In The Metamorphosis, Gregor feels significantly inferior to his entire family: “[he] recoiled at his father’s brazen self-confidence” which made him “[feel] uneasy in his own body” (Beveridge 459).This feeling of insignificance parallels to his metamorphosis into vile vermin. Kafka’s relationship with his father was avoidant and throughout his adolescence and early adulthood his depressive symptoms and negative self-concept reflect the avoidant attachment. In the biography “Franz Kafka,” written by Veronica Loveday, Kafka’s upbringing could be described as a tormented one; “feeling oppressed by his domineering father … [who] had high expectations for his son, was intimidating” (Loveday np). His father was an accomplished business man and like most fathers, had some hope that his son would continue in his footsteps. After Kafka’s graduation, he began to work in the family business, just as asked by his father; Kafka hated his long hours and just like Gregor with his fretwork, he never found time for his short stories. Kafka felt constantly criticized at the job which inevitably lowered his self-concept. These continuous feelings of inadequacy created a constant struggle with own perception of himself, which

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