The Mexican-American War Essay

870 Words4 Pages
Regardless of the decade or the country a person lives in, there seems to be a reckless disregard for the toll a war can take on human lives. When the Alamo was fought back in February 1836, it was about the independence of Texas from Mexico. In retaliation of the death and destruction of human life, Sam Houston retaliated in April and killed 630 Mexican soldiers and took General Santa Anna prisoner (Tindall & Shi, 2010). This was the start of the independence of Texas and the quest for annexation into the United States, which ultimately led to the Mexican-American War of 1846-1848. This paper will briefly explain the reasons for the Mexican-American War and will describe the outcome of the war.
The Reasons Numerous reasons can be
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The belief was that America had a God-given right, or destiny, to expand the country’s border from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean (Lee, 2011). Tension arose between the US and Mexico in 1846 after an attempt to purchase the California and New Mexico Territories was rebuffed over a border dispute. In Texas, the situation worsened when the southern border was disputed. Mexico claimed the border at the Nueces River, while Texas claimed the border at the Rio Grande. President Polk wanted to goad the Mexicans into a conflict to obtain Texas while also securing New Mexico and California, however; it was essential that Mexico commence it (Tindall & Shi, 2010). On May 9, 1846 the Mexicans attacked US soldiers, President Polk’s scheme worked. On May 13, 1846 President Polk signed the declaration of war. The Mexican-American War had begun.
The Outcome With no actual war plan, the Mexican war was fought on four fronts – southern Texas, central Mexico, New Mexico, and California (Tindall & Shi, 2010). The military on both sides were ill prepared for fighting the war. The US Army consisted of roughly 7,000 soldiers, while the Mexican forces consisted of 32,000 soldiers. By the time the war was over the number had risen to 104,000 American forces. Some were volunteers for six and 12 month enlistments. General Taylor, who would eventually become President of the United States in 1849, became popular with the two victories north of the Rio
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