The Mexican Revolution Essay example

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The Mexican Revolution

The prevailing concern of the Mexican revolution was the welfare of the common Mexican worker, be he a farm worker on a Southern hacienda, or a rancher in the North. The presidents of Mexico, starting most notably with Benito Juárez, really incited the revolution, though laterthe main course of protest and turmoil focused on the presidents themselves.

Díaz served as Mexican president until 1910. During his time in office, the Mexican economy and lifestyle were fairly successful; Mexico had good trade relations with the U.S. and other countries, and the wealthy landowners were making a sizeable profit. However, the huge population of laborers who worked to produce that success were suffering bitterly. Mexico
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Madero finally met with Zapata, but he was not well received. The Southern general felt that Madero's effort seemed patronizing, underhanded, and far too late in its political timing.

Meanwhile, in the North of Mexico, Francisco "Pancho" Villa was assembling cattle workers whose job welfare was at stake. He also opposed Madero, claiming that the president was not attentive to the needs of the Northern people, most of whom depended on the cattle industry for employment.

Victoriano Huerta overthrew Madero in 1913, and spread his own powerful influence throughout the country by way of the tyrannical Federales. Once again, fighting resumed on the domestic front between rich and poor as Villa, Zapata, and Obregón (another agriculturalist fighter, employed under Carranza) lead the peasants into battle against the affluent minority.

What is curious to note is that the main bulk of the revolution centered around the interests of the common worker; it was a revolution deeply rooted in the age-old class struggle. This particular revolution occurred not long after Marx and Engels issued their COMMUNIST MANIFESTO, which outlines the rights and abuses suffered by the working classes. The campesinos (peasants) were fighting against the wealthy land owners, who, at the time, controlled the means of production. This was a very Marxist revolution.

In the end, Carranza defeated Villa's forces and assumed control of the country. He issued a final constitution in 1917,

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