The Microbiology Of Clostridium Difficile

1438 WordsNov 23, 20156 Pages
Each year in the United States, many people require hospitalization due to various medical reasons. Often times, patients must undergo a course of antibiotics to treat the medical condition that warranted the hospitalization. The combination of the necessity to be admitted to a health care facility along with the administration of an antibiotic may result in a Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of a CDI, including an overview of the microbiology of Clostridium Difficile (C- diff), as well as the epidemiology, pathophysiology, signs, symptoms, treatment and prevention of the infection. In 2011, there was an estimated 450,000 cases of Clostridium difficile infections in the United States. Of these cases, 83,000 were first occurrence cases and 29,300 cases resulted in death. The main method of transmission of C- diff is referred to as a nosocomial infection, which are infections that are acquired while admitted to a healthcare facility, such as a hospital or skilled nursing facility. There are several risk factors that make a patient susceptible to a CDI, however, three risks factors are particularly important. These factors are that a patient underwent a recent course of antibiotics, the patient was recently hospitalized, and the that the patient is over the age of sixty- five. An elderly person is more at risk because their immune system may be less competent, and they are at a higher risk of experiencing a health
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