The Middle Ages : Religion, Politics, And Warfare

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The Middle Ages provides historians with various examples of concepts like kingship, church, warfare, politics, and health. Historians are able to explore events during the middle ages to determine how society operated and what mindset medieval people had. The middle ages is split into three sections early (500-1000), high or central (1000-1300), and late (1300-1500). This paper is going to delve into some similarities and differences between the high and late middle ages specifically looking at religion, politics, and warfare. First looking at religion, which was fought over and reformed throughout the middle ages. During the high middle ages the idea of a self-governed church came into play. This served as a direct attack against royal authority, which can be viewed in a correspondence between Pope Gregory VII and King Henry IV. Pope Gregory and King Henry fought over who had the power to install bishops and abbots each believing they themselves should have this power. Gregory uses St. Peter to cite his authority by saying, “It would have been becoming to you, since you confess yourself to be a son of the Church, to give more respectful attention to the master of the Church that is, to Peter, prince of the apostles.” Eventually after Gregory’s death the investiture controversy was settled separately and each side claimed victory because church wins spiritually and kings were still responsible for their territory. This does not mean that the controversy of power between
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