The Middle East And North Africa

1896 Words Dec 14th, 2016 8 Pages
The late 1980s and 1990s were host to many economic and political changes. Around the world there were failures and successes centered around key principles. The world was in the midst of reform that led to many changes. In North Africa the islamists, the state’s economy, and the women faced many challenges. First of all, One challenge that the Islamist faced was the introduction of secularism into an Islamic state. After North African states gained independence “Islam had been established as the official religion by the states.” (willis 157). The very religion that they practiced was legitimized politically, so when things starts to “drift” toward secularism there was some discontent. The government began to obtained control over key areas and tasks that were previously granted to religious institutions. This secularism was also promoted by some western states. Two big states that aimed to democratize the Middle East and North African (MENA) countries were the United States and Europe. A key principle in each of these states was secularism, the separation of church and state. This principle, obviously, runs antagonistically to the religious authoritarianism that existed in the MENA countries. If the U.S or Europe wanted to democratize these countries this means they had to remove islam for the government and change the government itself. Democracy Doesn’t seem to be something that Islamist are opposed to, it just has to include islam. The Islamist reacted to the…
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