The Middle East

2106 Words Dec 7th, 2016 9 Pages
Nothing happens in a vacuum; events and phenomena that take place in one region have effects on the rest of the world. In no region has this been more relevant than in the Middle East. Understanding the Middle East as it was and currently is requires an in depth analysis of the events that have so shaped the region. By peering into the premodern, early-modern, modern, and contemporary periods, a comprehension of the Middle East and how it is situated within the global framework will be realized. The premodern period, which ran until 1450, contained two events fundamental to the history of the Middle East, the Birth of Islam, and the split between Shi’ism and Sunnism. Monotheism had been gaining global relevance throughout the premodern period, with the rise of Christianity and Judaism as religious powers. By the time of Muhammad’ birth in 570, various religious traditions had been established by Christianity and Judaism, which would be adopted into Islam. Because the area in which Islam came to relevance was largely outside of European and Imperial influence, the religion exploded in the region. The Quran, or word of God, and the Hadith, or the collections of saying of Muhammad which would be the sources of Islamic law, became the central tenants of Islam. Further, the tenants of Islam such as Jihad, or fighting in the name of God, and Hijra, or the migration to Medina, would be contested and interpreted through the contemporary period. After the death of Muhammad, there…

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