The Middle East

2012 Words Dec 12th, 2015 9 Pages
The Middle East has been one of the most volatile and violent regions since the end of Second World War in 1945. The declaration of Israel in May of 1948 caused widespread violence and conflict among the Arab nations in the Middle East and the Jewish state of Israel. The declaration caused a chain of significant events that to this day still have a bearing. Some key events that followed the declaration of Israel were the war of independence, the Deir Yassin massacre, the displacement of Palestinians and the 6-day war. The British failed to keep control of their mandate. This was due to the effects of the First World War which left Britain with food shortages and a lack of finance. They were unable to control Jewish immigration and the disturbances and conflict between the Jews and the Arabs, which forced the British to leave the Middle East as they believed that the United Nations would do a better job of keeping peace. On 29th November 1947 the United Nations voted in favour of a partition which planned to divide Palestine into three areas: an Arab state, a Jewish state and an International zone for the cities of Jerusalem and Bethlehem. The Jews agreed to the partition whereas the Arabs did not as they felt that the Jews were getting the larger share of land.

An immediate reaction to the declaration of Israel was the war of independence also known as Al Nakba or ‘the catastrophe in Arabic. The Arab league was furious with the UN partition plan, which planned to…

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