The Migration Of M Ā Ori Essay

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The migration of Māori to urban centres or urbanisation was a poignant event in Māori history, in fact it is regarded by historians as the ‘second Māori migration’ with the initial migration being the migration to New Zealand (Pool, 2015). Popular urban areas of migration for Māori included Auckland and Wellington. Three key reasons for urbanisation included; the post WWII phenomena which saw young Māori led toward industries commonly located in the city, the desire for better education particularly enabling Māori children to progress onto higher education structures such as university and increase in population leading to overcrowding in small rural areas. Following Māori urbanisation there were various positive implications for traditional Māori society including improving pākehā (New Zealander of European descent) relations and improving Māori welfare. There were also negative implications for example a decline in traditional Māori identity and separation of whānau (family group). Following world war two there was a rapid influx in Māori relocating to urban centres in fact in the decade prior to the Second World War around 90% of Māori resided in rural areas (Morrison, Paterson, & Knowles 2012), generally working on farms and in small shops usually in their own tribal area. In contrast by the mid-1990s this statistic had reversed with around 80% (Pool, 2015) of Māori now residing in urban areas such as Auckland and Wellington. A factor that played a huge part migration

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