The Military Institutional System For Military Service Members And Their Families

1993 Words8 Pages
Individuals who join the military come from various backgrounds, once within the military institutional system, families can be at an advantage by stable employment and benefits, and safe, well maintained local environments (Rodriguez & Margolin, 2015, p.35). However, military deployments and duty-related separations are very common for military service members and their families. They are one of the most widely recognized and documented stressors for military families. Nevertheless, the experience of separation can also strengthen military couples and families by increasing their resiliency (as cited in Norwood, Fullerton, & Hagen, 1996). The temporary absence of a parent is experienced by many youth and can have profound effects on their…show more content…
Complicating the picture are common gender differences in: rates of internalizing and externalizing symptoms, coping strategy utilization, and susceptibility to environmental factors, including parenting among youth. Although early studies on parental deployment suggested boys were at elevated risk (as cited in Jensen et al. 1996), most recent studies (as cited in e.g., Chartrand et al. 2008; Flake et al. 2009) find no main effect of gender on outcomes. However, during adolescence, boys appear more at risk for suicidality (Reed et al. 2011) and girls for emotional, behavioral, and academic problems during their parent’s deployment. There is evidence that more complex patterns do exist such as, findings that parents girl school aged children reported higher externalizing symptoms during deployment and parents of boys reported elevated symptoms at reunion. (Rodriguez & Margolin, 2015, p.28). In addition, absences that pose more danger or hardship to the absent parent (e.g., when separations are traumatic, long, or lead to financial deprivation) are linked to poorer functioning for youth. Within military deployment literature, a few reviews provide detailed information about the intersection of deployment demands and developmental changes during early childhood and adolescence (as cited in Milburn and Lightfoot 2013). Desert-Storm era studies suggested younger children were more at risk during deployment. However, studies of recent conflicts have
Open Document