The Military Tactics And Organized Governance Ensured The Success Of The Mongol Empire
1651 WordsMay 20, 20177 Pages
The effective combination of brutal military tactics and organized governance ensured the success of the Mongol Empire. This was possible due to the skills gained under their pastoral nomadic political structure. Their success was further fuelled by their motivation for world domination stemming from their worldview and values. Their ruthless military practices were efficient in conquering Eurasia, and the political changes made to these nations ensured continual rule. The rapid usurpation of territory impacted Eurasia through opening trade and communication. Although the Mongol Empire was short-lived, these means ensured a rule that was total and unrivalled.
The political structure of the Mongols trained them uniquely for military…show more content…
Resources were scarce in the fields of Central Asia, which necessitated these practices. The tribes were unified under Genghis Khan, who stated that ‘a man’s greatest pleasure is to defeat his enemies, to drive them before him, to take from them that which they possessed, to see those whom they cherished in tears, to ride their horses, to hold their wives and daughters in his arms’. This identifies the Mongol value of possession and highlights their superiority complex. This complex served as the primary motivation in conquering territory. Sources such as the Novgorod Chronicle imply that their conquest was driven by a thirst for blood, however the absence of torture in their warfare apart from especially grievant circumstances indicates cold efficiency. Additionally, this chronicle is highly emotive and religious, which has caused exaggeration.
It is difficult to fully interpret the motivations of the Mongols or their perspective of foreigners due to the lack of Mongol-written sources. This is because of the late formation of a written Mongol language. Therefore, the accounts of foreigners are invaluable to the investigation of the Mongols. One of these accounts is from William of Rubruck, who was sent by King Louis IX of France to unofficially observe the Mongols in 1254. He wrote an extensive report, including observations on their social,