The Mircobiology Department: What is Studied, Tested, and Used

1823 WordsJun 20, 20188 Pages
Microbiology Department Introduction A Microbiology department deals with micro-organisms. These microorganisms are too small and they can only be seen by microscopes. A micro-organism is smaller than a red blood cell and they are the oldest form of life on earth. Pathogen is a biological agent that causes disease to its host and pathogen. Pathogen can pass disease to unicellular organisms that belong to biological kingdoms. There are some organisms that can cause infectious diseases. Infectious disease is a disease that caused by a micro-organism (viruses, bacteria and fungus) that enters the body of an organism. This disease can spread from one person to another person. Infectious bacteria can spread via air, bodily fluids, food,…show more content…
Parasites A parasite is an organism that lives inside the host and can causes harm. Parasite is dependent on the host in order to survive as a parasite has to be inside the host to live, grow and multiply. From the host parasites gain strength, however, the host loses some strength as a result. Parasites take in nutrients that we eat so they absorb human energy. There are three types parasites that cause disease and they are Protozoa, Helminths and Arthropods. Protozoa is a parasite within a single-cell organism. Protozoa can multiply by staying inside the host. Protozoa that live in the blood or tissue of humans are transmitted to other human by the bite of mosquito. Helminth is a worm parasite and helminth is caused by schistosomiasis. Anthropods is like an insect which carries parasitic diseases. There are different types of parasites that affect human and they are endoparasites, acanthamoeba, babesiosis, giardia, leishmaniasis and isosporiasis. Sample Received in the Microbiology Department Types of sample Type of sample Testing for? What test do they do to make a diagnosis? Urine (76,000) Bacterial Urine Infection - Colour - Odour - pH - protein - nitrates - antibiotic sensitivity - gram staining Chlamydia - Nucleic acid application test - Nucleic acid hybridization test - Enzyme linked immune sorbent assay - Chlamydia Red blood cells in the urine - Urinalysis - RBC Blood Septicaemia - Blood culture -

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