The Misconceptions Of Birth Control In Developing Countries

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Birth Control in Developing Countries
Birth control has been legal in the US since 1972. It is, for the most part, easily accessible to American women currently. Such accessibility is not the case in third world countries. Despite the United Nations declaring birth control to be a “universal human right”, 222 million women in developing countries remain without Family Planning methods (“ThinkProgress”). Less fortunate countries have difficulty providing birth control because of costs and social disapproval. Even in countries with limited access to birth control, women choose not to use it due to misconceptions stemmed from lack of education. However, all women deserve access to birth control no matter what country they reside in. Not only could it benefit women’s health, but it could save lives.
The main reason women want birth control is to prevent pregnancy. During the course of just nine years, the amount of women that wanted birth control to prevent pregnancy jumped from 716 million to over 850 million(“ThinkProgress”). Not only are women hesitant to have children because of poverty, but also because of fatal deliveries. For instance, some African countries, such as Nigeria, have very poor maternal conditions. Moreover, according to NPR, in a lot of third world countries where there is overpopulation, “studies show higher risks of premature birth, pregnancy complications and delivery problems, as well as higher death rates.” Smith 2
800 women die daily from “causes related to pregnancy and childbirth”, and nearly 99% of these deaths occur in developing countries(“Mic Network”). There is a high rate of newborn fatalities as well. In addition to fatal deliveries, there are also fatal abortions. Without any sort of birth control to prevent unwanted pregnancy, women take their chances at an unsafe abortion. 10-15% of pregnancy related deaths are caused by unsafe abortions(“Globalization 101”). Birth control could make such tragic issues preventable.
There are benefits to using Family Planning besides preventing pregnancy. In fact, it can actually be beneficial to women’s health, contrary to the misconceptions perceived in both developed and developing countries. One of the most popular forms of
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