The main function of the mitochondria is to convert fuel into a form of energy the cell can use. Specifically, the mitochondria is where pyruvate --derived from glucose-- is converted into ATP (Adenosine triphosphate) through cellular respiration. Cellular respiration involves four stages: glycolysis, the grooming phase, the citric acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation. The final two stages listed occur in the mitochondria.
First of all, the most important structure in the animal cell is the mitochondria. The mitochondria is the vital because it provides energy for the cell (Doc. 2). For example, without the mitochondria, organelles would function slowly because the cell has no energy (OI). In Document 3, it states “Breaking down the food and releasing’ energy” (Doc. 3). “The mitochondria are organelles that act like a digestive system which takes in nutrients, breaks them down, and creates energy rich molecules for the cell” (OI). According to Ms. Quitmeyer, the mitochondria is crucial to the animal cell, and
Mitochondria convert the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use. They are the power plants of the cell.
Mitochondria – Spherical bodies in the cytoplasm where energy is produced. The cell uses this energy to perform the specific work necessary for cell survival and function.
Mitochondria are small organelles found in eukaryotic cells which respire aerobically. They are responsible for generating energy from food to ‘power the cell’. They contain their own DNA, reproducing by dividing in 2. As they closely resemble bacteria, it gave the idea that they were derived from bacteria (which were engulfed by ancestors of the eukaryotes we know today). This idea has since been confirmed from further investigations, and it is now widely accepted. (Alberts et al., 2010a)
The mitochondria is an organelle of a cell. It works as it was the digestive system, it’s in charge of obtaining the nutrients, then break them down, and finally, all that work is for maintaining the cell full of energy, so they would be as the power plants of the cell. The mitochondria are in charge of creating 90% of the energy that our bodies need so it can sustain life and support our growth. The mitochondria are small organelles that floats all through the cell. Some cells have many, lots of mitochondria, but others just have none; for example, the muscle cells need a lot of energy, so they contain lots of mitochondria, otherwise, neurons don’t need as much. Depending of the quantity of energy that the cell needs, mitochondria could be created.
Each mitochondrion has a double-layered membrane like the cell membrane, however the inner layer is folder which produces ‘shelves’ which are known as cristae, this is where the end stages of glucose oxidation are located. The energy that has been released is stored until required by a ‘chemical battery’ called adenosine triphosphate.
Mitochondria, dubbed the ‘powerhouse of the cell’, are a type of organelle present in most human cells. Their primary function is to generate Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP), the cell’s principal source of chemical energy. Unlike most other organelles, mitochondria store their own set of genetic material, distinct from the DNA situated in a cell’s nucleus. Although this ‘mitochondrial genome’ represents only 0.1% of a cell’s genetic information, it often plays a significant role in development.
Mitochondria are organelles that are considered the “power generators” within the cell. Mitochondria convert oxygen and nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is the energy that the cell uses. The energy is produced from the breakdown of glucose. Along with creating energy for the cell, the mitochondria also help certain cells self-destruct after they have served their purpose or if they are damaged. In the article “In cleaning up misfolded proteins, cell powerhouses can break down" by Science Daily, researchers at John Hopkins discovered that mitochondria can dispose of unwanted protein clumps. Many of the protein clumps in their experiment broke down in the cell's mitochondria. The experiment revealed that too many misfolded
Mitochondria are the powerhouse of the cell. They are organelles that convert the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use. They are organelles that act like an digestive system which takes in nutrients. Mitochondria are small organelles floating free throughout the cell. It is found in the eukaryotic cell. Mitochondria contain their own genetic material. Mitochondria comes from the greek language.
Mitochondrion is an importance structure that lies in the cytoplasm area. Mitochondrion is the plural word for mitochondria, which is the key organelle that converts energy from one form to another. Mitochondria changes the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use. The mitochondrion contains two special membranes. The outer membrane surrounds the organelle, and the inner membrane has many folds that increase the surface area of the mitochondrion.
3. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are both circular or ovoid in shape, surrounded by double phosopholipid bilayers, have an intermembrane, and both are involved in ATP production by way of proton gradient. Also, both have ATP-synthases and electron transport chains appearing on the thylakoid membrane of the chloroplast and on the cristae of mitochondria.
Previously mitochondria were considered to be static and isolated organelles. However, it has now been established that mitochondria form a complex, interconnected, and highly dynamic network. Mitochondria dynamics also involves changes in mitochondrial morphology, number in the cell and movement along the cytoskeleton. Mitochondrial dynamics is said to be tightly regulated by mitochondrial fusion and fission.
Mitochondria are double membrane organelles that are found in the cytosol in Eukaryotic cells. There are many within the cells, and their function is to produce ATP. The organelle originated from the endosymbiosis theory, which means the bacteria engulfed the cell and formed a mutualism relationship. Mitochondria can be used to measure age, health, and stress levels of individuals. Scientist use mitochondria as a measurement tool by using the reporter gene to produce a protein that when newly made appears green, and then when it ages, it appears red (UVA 2014). Furthermore, if mitochondria appear green they are producing a lot of ATP and functioning properly, if they appear red they are oxidized and are not performing correctly. (UVA 2014)
Introduction: - The mitochondria is a double membrane organelle that is found in all eukaryotic organisms. There is some evidence that proves some eukaryotes lack mitochondria, but there is no true evidence about complete lack of mitochondria in the organisms. Mitochondria is known as a power house of the living body cell. They store energy in the cell and release it as needed. Every structure in Mitochondria have their own specific roles which helps in storing energy (See Figure 1 for details). Evidence shows that mitochondria evolved from primitive bacteria. Is it really evolved from primary bacteria or were they the new adaptation in the plant and animal body? In this paper we are going to see how Mitochondrion have been evolved in different species and what methods have been used to prove that evolution. There is still debate between scientists about whether mitochondrion really evolved from bacteria or if it was present in the cells before bacteria were present. Yung et al.  says that Mitochondria’s cytochromes c (which is a mitochondrial intermembrane protein that is loosely attached to the inner membrane of mitochondrial membrane) is relatively close to the bacterial medium subunit in sequence of cytochrome. However,