The Mitochondri An Essential Organelle That Produces Energy For The Cell

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The mitochondria is an essential organelle that produces energy for the cell. It has many functions, but the most important is that it converts monosaccharides, like glucose, and oxygen into ATP through cellular respiration. It also gives energy to motile cells like muscles so they can move. The structure of the mitochondria consists of a double phospholipid bilayer membrane. There is an outer membrane and an inner membrane. They both, along with cristae, increase the cell’s surface area and productivity. Mitochondria also separate the intermembrane space and mitochondrial matrix, the location where cell respiration occurs because of the high amount of enzymes. They replicate and grow within cell but reproduce through fission which is when…show more content…
In order to tell whether a patient has PCD, the doctors look for specific symptoms. For example, if a patient is experiencing nausea, muscle fatigue, and vomiting, they could have a variety of things, but combine these with infants then you most likely have a case of PCD. It is diagnosed by physical symptoms and lab tests. A person suffering from this would have a higher level of pyruvate and lactate in their blood during a blood test or skin test. Also, type is diagnosed with enzyme activity that is less than two percent of normal levels (E.). There are three different types of this a doctor can diagnose them with, A , B, and C.The average child diagnosed with PCD type A won’t make it past early childhood and will suffer with developmental delays and with increased acidity; vomiting, abdominal pain, fatigue, muscle ache, rapid breathing, and nausea. It is commonly found in North America. Even more severe than that is type B, which is found commonly in France, and death occurs within just three months of the infant’s birth. Another reason that this is more painful and worse is that along with the symptoms of type A, they would suffer from hyperammonemia, liver failure, neurological problems; hypotonia, abnormal movements, seizures, and even coma. Hyperammonemia is a metabolic condition that occurs from an excess amount of ammonia in the blood. Also, hypotonia is a state of low muscle tone that makes the infant appear floppy and ragdoll like. Type C
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