The Modern Evolution of Community

1492 WordsFeb 19, 20186 Pages
Community is a broad concept within the social sciences (sociology specifically) and one that is used frequently. It is one of the most vague and ambiguous terms, yet is commonplace to everyday life. The core concept of the term refers to social bonds and connections that exist between individuals in a particular geographical location. However vague the term may be, ‘Community’ as a construct is indeed of great importance when attempting to understand the impact of an era of social, political, economic, cultural and technological change. Community can be seen to be at its most prominent in the pre-industrial era where tradition played a large role in past civilizations, individuals shared common outlooks and beliefs on morality and religion were alike. However, these traditional community characteristics were sent into decline as the world gave way to the rise of a modern, industrialised society bringing with it the decline of religion (secularization), increased individualism and reduced intimate relations. The introduction of these new characteristics (particularly the decline of religion) gave way to the deterioration of a common belief system that had formerly united people. The observed decline of community has been the subject of many theorists work, such as Ferdnand Tonnies, who explores the notion of community in his perceived distinction between Gemeinshaft (community) and the modern day Gesellschaft (society). For Tonnies, Gemeinshaft possesses the
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