The Montgomery Bus Boycott Part 1

1033 WordsJun 17, 20185 Pages
An man from India deeply influenced a black man in America who persuaded black Americans to peacefully seek civil rights. Blacks in America were once slaves. They had neither freedom nor rights. Now, in the 20th century, segregation has been abolished and discrimination has largely been reduced and blacks are more able to live freely as American citizens. In Early 1950’s, blacks did not have civil rights, so they had to fight for their freedom. In 1955, blacks decided to rally together for social justice and planned a boycott. This boycott became known as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. This boycott was pivotal in the Civil Right Movement by energizing blacks, particularly in the South, to become more involved in politics. This occurred with…show more content…
At this time, other local activists have been looking for an occasion to start a boycott of the Montgomery buses, where segregation was especially hurting black people. Most of the teachers of Montgomery, called for a one-day protest against the bus line, asking the blacks to stay at home or find another way to get to work or school. This strike hurted the bus system. The success of that one-day protest persuaded Montgomery civil rights leaders to organize a larger scale boycott of the buses. The NAACP organizers, particularly the leader, E.D. Nixon decided the most way to gain support and spread the word in black communities in Alabama to enlist the help of local ministers and church leaders. Nixon and NAACP established the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) to arrange the boycott and at it, they appointed a twenty-six year old minister, Rev. Martin Luther King Jr as its president. King studied writings of Henry David Thoreau and Mohandas Gandhi. Their teachings prescribed civil disobedience and nonviolent resistance to social justice. As they saw King at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church and heard him say, “the once dormant and quiescent Negro community was now fully awake.” After what Nixon heard and learned from King, he thought King would be a good leader for this boycott. On December 8, 1955, the leaders of MIA met with the Montgomery mayor, presenting them with their demands. Their requests

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