The Moral Development Theory Of Lawrence Kohlberg

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Introduction Moral development “focuses on the emergence, change, and understanding of morality from infancy through adulthood. In the field of moral development, morality is defined as principles for how individuals ought to treat one another, with respect to justice, others ' welfare, and rights.” (Citation) Essential to the success of every society is moral development. Lawrence Kohlberg cultivated and advanced the framework of Piaget’s life’s work in the area of moral development. He theorized that we formulate ways of thinking through our experiences. Such experiences included but weren’t limited to an understanding of the moral concepts of human welfare, rights, equality and justice. Through his research Kohlberg ascertained that we go through various stages of moral maturity and cognitive-development. This paper explores the moral development theory of Lawrence Kohlberg. With an overview of the three levels of Kolhberg’s moral development as well as insight into the various stages within each level, this paper familiarizes its readers with Kohlberg and his life’s work. Lawrence Kohlberg Lawrence Kohlberg was born in 1927 in Bronxville, New York. At the age of twenty-one Lawrence enrolled at the University of Chicago where he obtained his bachelors degree in a year. “Kohlberg asserted that children are moral philosophers whose ability to formulate their own moral decisions develops with experiences.” (Beauchamp, 2014) Anne Beachamp goes on to state, “Lawrence Kohlberg
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