The Moral Theories Of Normative Ethics

1175 Words Jun 9th, 2015 5 Pages
Utilitarianism is one of the general moral theories of normative ethics, which is made up of two principles: utility and equality. Utility is to maximize things like happiness, pleasure, and desire-satisfaction. Equality is the principle that the interests of all members of the moral community who are involved are completely equal. The utilitarian theory, therefore, tries to create the most amount of well being and the least amount of displeasure or suffering. To apply the utilitarian view to whether it is possible to be an ethical carnivore, consideration of all the interest of all those involved is essential, which would include humans and non-human animals. Farmers, meat eaters, animals, activists are all affected by ethical and unethical choices made by carnivores. One way to be an ethical carnivore, according to the utilitarian view, would be to consume happy meat, which is meat that is raised, treated and killed humanely, minimizing suffering to animals. According to philosopher Peter Singer, animals have the ability to feel pain and so have an interest in avoiding pain; this makes animals part of the moral community says Singer .In a utilitarian based world, if all meat eaters would only purchase happy meat, it would substantially reduce the pain and suffering of the non human members of the moral community and thus maximizing the good for the most number of beings thus supporting that there can be such a thing as an ethical carnivore. People have personal reason…
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