The Moral Theories Of Utilitarianism

1908 WordsNov 20, 20148 Pages
“Vuty” or “Dirtue” Ethics The moral theories of utilitarianism, duty ethics, and virtue ethics each offer particular guidelines on how to live a good and moral life. While on their own these theories have various faults that make them unsustainable, I have found that the combination of the Categorical Imperatives in duty ethics along with the importance of having a moral character in virtue ethics can possibly create a rational moral theory. Though this theory I have created is not without flaws, it is one that offers a better approach to living a morally upright life. Utilitarianism, founded by Jeremy Bentham and advocated by philosopher John Stuart Mill, is the ethics that upholds creating the greatest amount of good for the greatest amount of sentient beings. This is known in Utilitarianism as the Greatest Happiness Principle, and the good with which this moral theory is concerned with is defined by Mill as “pleasure and the absence of pain” . Pleasure, according to Mill, can be measured in quality by asking experienced persons of between two pleasures which they would prefer the most, and in quantity by choosing the pleasure that is preferred by the greatest amount of sentient beings . Utilitarianism is also characterized by being concerned only with the consequences of one’s actions and that an action creates more happiness than it does unhappiness . While this theory has the right motives, there are several complications with utilitarianism. For example, James and
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